Bang SS-385 - History

Bang SS-385 - History

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Bang SS-385


(S 385: dp. 1526; 1. 311'8"; b. 27'3"; dr. 16'10"; s. 20.3

Bang (SS-385) was launched 30 August 1943 by Portsmouth Navy Yard; sponsored by Mrs. R. W. Neblett; and commissioned 4 December 1943, Lieutenant Commander A. B. Gallaher in command.

Bang's war operations span the period from 29 March 1944 until May 1945, during which time she completed six war patrols. She is officially credited with sinking eight Japanese merchant ships totaling 20177 tons while operating in the South China and Philippine Seas.

Bang arrived at Portsmouth Navy Yard 22 June 1945 &nd after repairs proceeded to New London where she went out of commission in reserve 12 February 1947.

Bang was converted to a Guppy type submarine and recommissioned 4 October 1952. Until August 1953 she conducted training off the east coast and in the Caribbean. During August-24 September 1953 she operated east of Iceland and off Scotland.

In January 1954 she sailed to the Mediterranean for a cruise with the sixth Fleet which terminated 11 March 1964 at New London, Conn. Between March 1954 and December 1956 Bang operated out of New London on various exercises, conducted two training cruises In the Caribbean, one cruise to Halifax, Nova Scotia, and one trip to Quebec, Canada.

Bang received six battle stars tor her World War II patrols.

Bang SS-385 - History

St. Marys Submarine Museum

102 St. Marys Street West, St. Marys, GA 31558

The Largest Museum of its Kind in the South

Spend the day - Lots to see and lots to learn!

The Submariner's Insignia

Last Updated: May 14, 2021

The St. Marys Submarine Museum is located in historic St. Marys, Georgia. It is the largest museum of its kind in the south, and the fifth largest in the country with nearly 5,000 square feet of space "jam-packed" with exhibits and displays on two floors. The museum is a great place to learn about the "silent service". We are dedicated to educating, preserving and sharing the rich history and legacy of the submarine force and all the men and women who have served and are currently serving our nation.

More than 99% of all WW II submarine combat war patrol reports are housed here, and files on nearly every submarine the United States has or has had in service as part of the collection. This is where history comes alive with a wide variety of pictures, paintings, models, artifacts and rare historical documents, some of which have not been made available to the general public.

While you are visiting the museum, and taking in the voluminous amount of exhibits, you can operate a real submarine Type 2 periscope (shown below) to view the beautiful St. Mary's waterfront and beyond.

Please visit us and be sure to visit our gift shop for submarine memorabilia, shirts, books, and other souveniers commerating your visit.

While you move through this website, you will want to read the bios of many who contributed their time and efforts to establish the museum and read the story how one man's personal collection of submarine paraphenalia, documentation, and artifacts came to St. Marys.



St. Marys City Manager, Robby Horton. Museum BOD, Kirk Goergen, Rear Admiral John Spencer, COMSUBGRU 10 Kings Bay, Kings Bay, St. Marys Mayor, John Morrissey, Georgia State Senator and Founding Museum BOD President Sheila McNeill, and Vice Admiral Albert Konetzni, Jr., (Retired), and Museum Executive Director Keith Post.

Hatch (entrance) Periscope Control Room

(Click the link to read about U.S. Navy Submarine Alarms)

Hours of Operation

Tuesdays thru Saturdays. 10:00 to 5:00 PM

The Museum and Gift Shop are Closed on the following days: St. Marys Mardi Grass Festival (usually a Saturday during the month of February), Easter Sunday, Fourth of July, First Saturday in October (St. Marys Rock Shrimp Festival), Thanksgiving Day, Christmas Eve, Christmas Day, New Year's Eve and New Year's Day through mid-January. (We do a stand-down, inventory and maintenance period - Approximately 2-3 weeks long. Please call ahead for actual dates (912) 882-2782).

Children (6 to 12 years) $3.00

Students (13 through College) $4.00

Active Duty/Retired/Reserve Members of the Military $4.00

Senior Adults (62 and over) $4.00

St. Marys Submarine Museum

(Located on the Waterfront)

Former Boat Yeoman USS TUNNY (SSG-282) and USS BANG (SS-385)

All information posted on this website has been coordinated and approved by Keith Post, Executive Director, St. Marys Submarine Museum.

Bang (SS-385)

USS Bang as modified after the war.

Decommissioned 12 February 1947.
Recommissioned 4 October 1952.
Decommissioned 1 October 1972 and transferred to Spain being renamed Cosme Garcia (S-34).
Sold by the Spanish Navy in 1983 to be broken up for scrap.

Commands listed for USS Bang (385)

Please note that we're still working on this section.

1T/Lt.Cdr. Antone Renkl Gallaher, USN3 Dec 194324 Feb 1945
2T/Lt.Cdr. Oliver Walton Bagby, Jr., USN24 Feb 1945Aug 1945

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Notable events involving Bang include:

The history of USS Bang as compiled on this page is extracted from her patrol reports.

This page was last updated in June 2016.

24 Jan 1944
After a training period off Portsmouth, Maine, USS Bang (Lt.Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN), arrived at New London, Connecticut.

26 Jan 1944
USS Bang (Lt.Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) arrived at Newport Rhode Island from New London, Connecticut for torpedo trials.

29 Jan 1944
With her torpedo trials completed, USS Bang (Lt.Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) returned to New London, Connecticut from Newport, Rhode Island.

8 Feb 1944
With her trials and initial training completed USS Bang (Lt.Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) departed from New London bound for Pearl Harbor.

17 Feb 1944
USS Bang (Lt.Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) arrived at Christobal, Panama Canal Zone.

21 Feb 1944
USS Bang (Lt.Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) departed the Taboga Island anchorage, Panama Canal Zone for Pearl Harbour.

7 Mar 1944
USS Bang (Lt.Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) arrived at Pearl Harbour. There she underwent final training.

24 Mar 1944
During 24/25 March 1944, USS Seadragon (Cdr. R.L. Rutter, USN), conducted exercises off Pearl Harbour together with USS Mitchell (Lt.Cdr. M.S. Erdahl, USNR), USS Florikan (Cdr. G.A. Sharp, USN), USS Allen (Lt.Cdr. H.H. Nielsen, USN), USS Salmon (Cdr. H.K. Nauman, USN) and USS Bang (Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN). These exercises included night exercises.

29 Mar 1944
USS Bang (Lt.Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) departed from Pearl Harbor for her 1st war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in Luzon Strait together with USS Tinosa and USS Parche.

For the daily and attack positions of USS Bang during this patrol see the map below. As no deck log is available (for the moment) positions were taken from the patrol report. Unfortunately the patrol report does not give daily noon positions.

2 Apr 1944
USS Bang (Lt.Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) arrived at Midway.

3 Apr 1944
USS Bang (Lt.Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) departed Midway for her patrol area.

16 Apr 1944
USS Bang (Lt.Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) arrived in her patrol area.

29 Apr 1944
USS Bang (Lt.Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) torpedoed and sank the Japanese army cargo ship Takegawa Maru (1930 GRT, built 1939) in the South China Sea west of Luzon Strait in position 19°26'N, 118°45'E.

Takegawa Maru was part of convoy TAMA-17 that besides her was made up of Hakka Maru (1531 GRT, built 1937), Nissan Maru (. GRT, built . ), tanker Nittatsu Maru (2859 GRT, built 1943), Peking Maru (2289 GRT, built 1937), Shiroganesan Maru (4739 GRT, built 1943), Tsushima Maru (6712 GRT, built 1914), tanker San Luis Maru (7269 GRT, built 1928), Wales Maru (6586 GRT, built 1921), Yamahagi Maru (5295 GRT, built 1919) and Yashima Maru (. GRT, built . ) escorted by destroyers Harukaze and Asakaze, minesweeper W-17 and auxiliary gunboat Chohakusan Maru (2120 GRT, built 1928). (All links are offsite links).

(All times are zone -10) 1720 hours - In position 118°47'N, 19°44'E sighted smoke on the horizon bearing 134°(T).

1750 hours - Having determined that the target could not be closed submerged, surfaced. The smoke was visible only through the periscope while on the surface. During the approach it was noticed that at as many as twelve distinct and separate columns of smoke were seen at one time. The TDC showed the convoy to be zigging between 180°(T) and 220°(T). Speed was 11 knots. Decided to make a periscope night attack as soon as possible.

2145 hours - Crossed 11 nautical miles ahead of the convoy.

2215 hours - Dived to radar depth.

2230 hours - Went to 60 feet.

2232 hours - The convoy zigged 50° to the left. Course of the convoy was now 160°(T). The axis of the convoy seemed to be 0-180° in three columns with four or five ships in each column, about 1000 yards between the columns and 1000-1500 yards between the ships in the columns. One escort was patrolling from side to side ahead, escorts in close on bows of the leading outboard ships, one escort about abeam of the third ship in the rear column. These were all that could be seen but most likely there were more. Selected our targets as a large tanker, the second ship in the rear column, and a freighter astern of her. Intended to fire three torpedoes at each then swing our stern around and bring our tubes to bear on the most likely target.

2254 hours - We were now on course 070°(T), closing the track on waiting for the tanker to come on. While sweeping around a fleet type destroyer was sighted bearing 005° relative, angle on the bow 90° starboard, range 1500 yards. Swung right 90° and at .

2256 hours - In position 19°26'N, 118°45'E fired four torpedoes at this destroyer, then in perfect line with the leading Maru in the starboard column. Then shifted target and fired two torpedoes at the tanker that was originally our target. When the fourth torpedo was fired the destroyer zigged away. Two torpedo hits were obtained on the Maru beyond the destroyer. A third hit was thought to have hit the tanker but this was not observed.

2303 hours - A destroyer had been seen coming towards and dropping depth charges. Bang was unable to fire the stern tubes on this destroyer so in the end decided to go to 400 feet.

2305 hours - Two depth charges exploded right overhead while Bang was passing 300 feet. About 20 more depth charges were dropped during the next 45 minutes but none were close.

2310 hours - Sound heard high noise level and popping noises in the direction of the target group that sounded like a ship sinking.

For the continuation of the events see 30 April 1944.

30 Apr 1944
USS Bang (Lt.Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) again attacked the same convoy as yesterday and torpedoed and sank the Japanese merchant tanker Nittatsu Maru (2859 GRT, built 1943) in the South China Sea off the north-west coast of Luzon, Philippines in position 19°11'N, 119°10'E.

Continuation of the events of 29 April 1944. (All times are zone -10) 0020 hours - Heaving heard nothing for 30 minutes, carefully reloaded three torpedo tubes while at 450 feet, then planed up to periscope depth. Nothing in sight. Came up to radar depth, no contacts.

0138 hours - Surfaced and began chase.

0150 hours - SJ radar contact bearing 166°(T), range 19000 yards. Began end around to the east. The moon was low in the west.

0210 hours - Second radar contact, smaller pip, 8000 yards astern of the first target. Shortly afterwards sighted a large freighter bearing 160°(T) and a destroyer bearing 260°(T).

0230 hours - Two more smaller radar pips, one 1500 yards ahead and one 1500 yards astern of the freighter. Range to the freighter was now 12000 yards. The situation now seemed to be a large freighter with two esorts in close and with a third escort about 4 nautical miles astern.

0246 hours - The escort well astern headed towards Bang. When the range was 7500 yards she was recognized to be a fleet type destroyer. Angle on the bow was 25° port, she then began signalling, and was answered by a ship on her starboard quarter. This other ship could not be seen except for her signal lights, also no radar pip was seen of this ship. Just after signalling the destroyer went over towards this other ship. The approach on this destroyer was now given up. Changed course to continue our end around on the freighter. Now the rear escort of the freighter proceeded towards the area where the destroyer had been. Shortly afterwards this contact was seen to be another fleet type destroyer. Now started an approach on this destroyer. Range could not be closed to within 4500 yards so resumed our approach on the freighter. Bang however had now ended up almost astern of the freighter so decided to come up from astern. As this freighter was so heavily escorted decided she must be very valuable. Decided to fire all six bow torpedoes at her.

0353 hours - In position 19°22'N, 119°00'E fired six torpedoes at the freighter. Range was 2300 yards. The target unfortunately zigged shortly after firing and all torpedoes missed.

0356 hours - Fired four stern torpedoes. Due to an error in drill these also all missed the target.

0400 hours - Started reload and began an end around. Decided to come in from ahead this time.

0506 hours - In position ahead of the target at a range of 7000 yards. Started our run in.

0518 hours - In position 19°11'N, 119°10'E fired four bow torpedoes from 1800 yards. Two hits were obtained. The first explosion caused a tremendous flash from the center of the target. The second hit casued a ripple of flame throughout the entire lenght of the target. The target soon sank amid a cloud of dense smoke.

0519 hours - Swung hard left to bring the stern tubes to bear on the escort, another fleet type destroyer. She evidently thought the attacker was on the other side of the ex-target because she ran out and dropped a few depth charges, then she came over near where a section of the stern of the ex-target was sticking out of the water and dropped four of what appeared small lights into the water, these were most likely life rafts. The destroyer could not be attacked as she was maneuvering too radically to fire torpedoes against. Range had opened up to 3800 yards when the destroyer came towards at high speed. Bang meanwhile had gone ahead flank but the destroyer soon changed course and the range began to open up again.

0535 hours - Set course 160°(T) to sesrch for the convoy.

During the day Bang shadowed and reported the convoy so that USS Tinosa and USS Parch could attack.

In the evening Bang was detected and attacked by two enemy destroyers.

2110 hours - In position 119°36'N, 118°24'E obtained SJ radar contact bearing 081°(T). Range 12100 yards. Started approach.

2112 hours - Sighted two destroyers coming in fast with 0° angle on the bow.

2114 hours - The leading destroyer fired two rounds from her forward gun. Submerged. Range to the leading destroyer was 7800 yards.

2117 hours - While Bang passed 100 feet two depth charges exploded. Went to 400 feet. 20 more depth charges were dropped during the next three hours. None were very close.

4 May 1944
USS Bang (Lt.Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) torpedoed and sank the Japanese merchant cargo ship Kinrei Maru (5945 GRT, built 1942, offsite link) in the South China Sea west of in Luzon Strait in position 20°58'N, 117°59'E.

Kinrei Maru was in (ore) convoy TE-04 together with Yulin Maru (1874 GRT, built 1914), Shoryu Maru (6498 GRT, built 1919), Daiyoku Maru (5244 GRT, built 1944), Toyohi Maru (6436 GRT, built 1944) and Daibu Maru (6441 GRT, built 1944). They were escorted by the frigate Kaibokan 1, the minelayer Maeshima and the auxiliary gunboat Hua Shan Maru (2089 GRT, built 1926). They were en-route from Yulin, Hainan to Japan. (All links are offsite links).

(All times are zone -10) 3 May 1944 1204 hours - Received contact report from USS Tinosa. Surfaced and began chase.

1328 hours - Sighted aircraft. Submerged.

1357 hours - All clear. Surfaced.

1425 hours - Sighted aircraft. Submerged.

1510 hours - All clear. Surfaced.

1750 hours - In position 117°00'N, 19°50'E sighted another submarine. Range 9 nautical miles. This must be either USS Tinosa or USS Parche.

1842 hours - In position 117°23'N, 20°13'E sighted four columns of smoke bearing 065°(T).

1952 hours - One ship was seen to leave the convoy and head south. Submerged when the mast came in sight from the bridge. This ship looked like a Maru but she was making fairly high speed. She may have been a Q-ship trying to draw submarines away from the convoy.

2028 hours - The ship was now no longer sighted. Surfaced and began trailing the convoy as ordered by USS Parche.

2230 hours - Sighted the masts of the convoy. USS Parche to attack the port flank. Began an end around. Observed four escorts patrolling from 5000 to 8000 yards astern of the convoy.

4 May 1944 0115 hours - Heard three explosions in the direction of the convoy.

0125 hours - Changed course to open out on an escort who was about 8000 yards on the port side of the convoy. Resumed end around.

0205 hours - In position ahead of the convoy. Range 13000 yards. Waiting for the convoy to close the range.

0210 hours - Heard several explosions. Target soon after spotted as stopped. Started reversing course. Soon after sighted another target to the left of the first. Went over, got in front of her, range 9000 yards and waited for her to come up. When the range was 7500 yards she stopped and engaged in a gun duel with some ship that appeared to be on her starboard quarter. It looked like these ships were firing at each other but there may have been a third ship they were firing at. At this time another target was seen to the left. This target showed a much larger pip on the radar even though the range was greater. Went over and got in front of her at a range of 9000 yards and waited for her to come up. When range had closed to 5500 yards the rain squall that had been sheltering Bang moved away leaving the submarine silhoutted against a clear moonlit horizon. Pulled out and went over to the protection of another squall just to the east of the target. Just as Bang was getting into position to attack two destroyers were seen coming from the north heading towards the target. A second target was now found about 3000 yards on the starboard quarter of the first. The destroyers took a position between the two Maru's.

0332 hours - In position 20°58'N, 117°59'E fired four torpedoes at the nearest Maru and nearest destroyer. All four ships were in line with the nearest Maru at 3400 yards, the nearest destroyer at 4200 yards, the other destroyer at 5500 yards and finally the other Maru at 6200 yards. It is thought three hits were obtained, two on the nearest Maru and one on the nearest destroyer. Both targets sank. After firing Bang changed course to the left and ran at flank speed towards the protection of a rain squall on the port quarer of the target group.

0356 hours - Reported results of the attack and expenditure of torpedoes to USS Parche and received instructions to return to base.

14 May 1944
USS Bang (Lt.Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) ended her 1st war patrol at Midway.

From 15 May 1944 to 30 May 1944 she was refitted by USS Proteus and Submarine Division 202 Relief Crew.

From 31 May 1944 to 3 June 1944 Bang underwent three days and two nights of training.

6 Jun 1944
USS Bang (Lt.Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) departed from Midway for her 2nd war patrol. She was ordered to patrol west of the Mariana Islands. Later she was ordered to patrol west of Luzon, Philippines.

For the daily and attack positions of USS Bang during this patrol see the map below. As no deck log is available (for the moment) positions were taken from the patrol report. Unfortunately the patrol report does not give daily noon positions.

15 Jun 1944
USS Bang (Lt.Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) attacked but missed an unidentified tanker south-east of Iwo Jima in position 23°15'N, 143°15'E.

(All times are zone -10) 0508 hours - Just as dawn was breaking, made simultaneous bridge and SJ radar contact on a lone tanker, range 10000 yards, angle on the bow 60° starboard. Came right to put target astern and open out, and commenced tracking while gaining position ahead. Kept the targets tops in sight through high periscope.

0829 hours - Submerged with target bearing 187°(T), angle on the bow 3° port, range 20000 yards. Target was tracked at 11 knots, zigzagging 30° to right and left of base course 10°(T) on thirty minute legs. She was unescorted by either planes or surface ships.

0855 hours - Target on right leg, angle on the bow 30° port. Range 7500 yards. Course 040°(T).

0903 hours - Target obscured by heavy rain. There were numerous rain squalls all around the horizon, which soon closed in until periscope visibility was practically zero. Planed up to radar depth, but there was no pip.

0919 hours - Surfaced in a heavy downpour of rain. Opened out to gain position ahead for another approach when the target could be located. Ran out of the rain storm at about 0940 hours.

0945 hours - Sighted the target coming out of the rain, angle on the bow 30° port. range 14000 yards, on a base course 010°(T). Submerged. Went to 120 feet and for 25 minutes ran at full speed, 8 knots.

1018 hours - Came to periscope depth and slowed. Target range 9000 yards, angle on the bow 90° port. Her course 080°, was further to the right that she had steered all moring. Most likely she had sighted us before we dived. Waited for a while, hoping the target would zig back but the angle on the bow continued to increase. Opened out and at .

1140 hours - Surfaced and commenced end-around. Sent out a contact report.

1525 hours - Received new patrol assignment from ComSubPac. Bang had almost gained a position ahead of the target and it was decided to continue for two more hours and then approach the target and then we would still be on time in the new patrol position.

1549 hours - Submerged to 150 feet and for 45 minutes ran at standard speed, 6 knots on course 070°(T), to close base course, hoping the target would zig back soon.

1639 hours - Came to periscope depth and slowed. Target range 6500 yards, angle on the bow 30° port, course 010°(T). Closed for 10 minutes at full speed. At the next look the target had zigged away to 45°(T). With a nearly flat battery and no more time available, decided to accept an unfavourable position and at .

1701 hours - In position 23°15'N, 143°15'E fired three bow torpedoes from 3600 yards. Angle on the bow 120° port. The third torpedo hit just forward of the stack with a run of 2 minutes and 54 seconds. After more then 5 minutes two more explosions were heard, these were end of run explosions for the other torpedoes. The target took a 15° port list and commenced to settle by the stern. She also rigged out her lifeboats. It was thought she would sink but she continued on at 7 knots, zigzagging. Eventually the target righted herself to about 7° port list and down by the stern about 5°. The tanker was in ballast.

1730 hours - Heard a muffled explosion in the direction of the target.

1735 hours - Surfaced and proceeded in the direction of our new station. When last seen the target had her bow up at a 8° angle. It was hard to give up this target but there was no more time to finish her off.

29 Jun 1944
USS Bang (Lt.Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) torpedoed and damaged the Japanese fleet tanker Miri Maru (10564 GRT, built 1943), and the Japanese merchant tanker Sarawak Maru (5135 GRT, built 1943) in the South China sea west of Luzon, Philippines in position 17°13'N, 118°24'E. Both tankers were hit in the bow but both managed to reach Manila onder their own power.

Miri Maru and Sarawak Maru were part of Convoy HI-67 that was en-route from Moji to Singapore. Besides the two tankers mentioned above the convoy consisted of tankers Otorisan Maru (5280 GRT, built 1943), Shinei Maru (5135 GRT, built 1944) and Nichinan Maru No.2 (5227 GRT, built 1943), transports Manju Maru (7266 GRT, built 1925), Nankai Maru (8416 GRT, built 1933), Kinugasa Maru (8407 GRT, built 1936), Asaka Maru (7399 GRT, built 1937), Asahisan Maru (4550 GRT, built 1935), Gokoku Maru (10438 GRT, built 1942) and Hakozaki Maru (10413 GRT, built 1922). This last ship reported being missed by a torpedo. The convoy was escorted by the destroyers Asagao and Kuretake, minelayer Shirataka, frigates Hirado, Kurahashi, Kaibokan 2, Kaibokan 5 and Kaibokan 13 and submarine chaser Ch-61. (All links are offsite links).

(All times are zone -9) 0557 hours - In position 18°47'N, 119°07'E sighted smoke bearing 281°(T). SJ radar found 6 pips, range 24000 to 27000 yards on this bearing. Started approach. Stacks and masts soon visible with a small port angle on the bow.

0605 hours - Submerged when the range was 21000 yards. The target group made a large zig to the right - a submerged approach was impossible, so opened out until smoke was barely visible an at .

0710 hours - Surfaced and commenced an end around. Sent a contact report to USS Seahorse, and again at 0800 hours but received no reply. In view of probable air coverage conducted end-around out of range of visibility of tops, with smoke barely visible. Convoy plotted zigging 40° to right and left of base course 205°(T), speed 14 knots.

1320 hours - Sighted Mavis type plane, range 10 nautical miles. Submerged. Plane was about8 nautical miles ahead of the convoy. Commenced attack.

1508 hours - In position 17°13'N, 118°24'E fired four torpedoes at the second ship in the west column. Range was 1750 yards.

Fired two torpedoes at the leading ship in the centre column. Range was 750 yards.

1509 hours - Fired four stern torpedoes at the leading ship in the east column. Range was 1300 yards.

Heard five hots from the bow tubes while getting set up for the stern shots. After firing aft swept around and saw a big hole that had been blown up through deck in large engine aft Maru (first target). Saw the second target listed 20° to port, port deck line under water and port half of bridge structure blown away. Swept around and saw the second Maru in the east column firing what looked like 20mm tracers at us, causing many splashes all around the periscope. She was swinging towards us, angle on the bow 15° starboard, range 600 yards, so ordered 450 feet. Angle on the bow 0° at the last look at this Maru. Just before the periscope went under the thrid target was seen swinging away. A few seconds later three torpedo hits were heard timed perfectly for hits on her. A depth charge was dropped close above Bang when she passed 200 feet. This depth charge was most likely dropped by the Maru.

1515 hours - Depth charging started. A total of 125 were counted until around 1700 hours. Bang meanwhile had gone to 500 feet.

1834 hours - Returned to periscope depth after reloading the torpedo tubes. Saw two Chidori class torpedo boats (?) meaneuvering around the scene of the attack at a range of 14000 yards.

4 Jul 1944
USS Bang (Lt.Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) attacked one of the escorts of convoy TA-406. Three torpedoes were fired but all missed. Bang was depth charged several times during the day while trying to attack the convoy.

(All times are zone -9) 3 July 1944 2250 hours - Received a contact report from USS Seahorse, set course to intercept.

4 July 1944 0106 hours - Heard several distant explosions.

0300 hours - Heard two distant explosions.

0328 hours - Sighted smoke, commenced approach.

0410 hours - In position 19°22'N, 115°07'E had radar contact and bridge sighting of one freighter and three escorts. One escort one each bow of the freighter. The third escort was patrolling from side to side ahead of the freighter. Range to the freighter was 15000 yards. It was a bright moonlight night with scattered clouds and visibility was too good for a surface approach but not good enough for a submerged approach. Decided to track ahead and made a surface approach after moonset, which was at 0445 hours. Began closing at 0435 hours, clouds were now heavy in the west,target bearing 120°(T), base course 305°(T), speed 7 knots. Had the TDC set up on the freighter but inside 5000 yards kept bow pointed exactly towards the escort patrolling ahead to avoid being sighted by her. This escort was identified as an older type destroyer, possibly Wakatake-class. Intended to wait until she crossed over to the starboard side of the target and then cut in astern of the near port escort and then fire on a 120° track at the freighter from a range of 1500 to 2000 yards to the freighter. At a range of 3500 yards to the destroyer, when she was on the extreme south leg of her patrol, instead of heading back across target track, she steadied up, giving a 5° port angle on the bow. Shifted TDC set-up to her. Night was now so dark that she could not be seen until she was inside 3000 yards and Bang had better background protection than the target. It was not our intention to fire at this destroyer but when the range was 2500 yards she gave bang 0° angle on the bow and she speeded up so dicided that there was no other choice then to fire torpedoes at her.

0506 hours - In position 19°32'N, 115°28'E fired three 'down the throat torpedoes' from 1300 yards and submerged immediately after firing. Just before leaving the bridge the target was seen to turn to the left but it seemed unlikely she could avoid the torpedoes but no explosions followed.

0510 hours - While passing 350 feet the first of about 20 depth charges were dropped. Many were quite close but no damage was caused.

0745 hours - Returned to periscope depth. Nothing in sight.

0800 hours - Heard distant depth charging.

0805 hours - Surfaced and commenced approach.

1013 hours - Regained contact, bearing 024°(T). Commenced an end around out of sight of the tops.

1229 hours - Sighted plane coming in, distance 6 nautical miles. Submerged. Continued approach at 200 feet making standard speed.

1330 hours - Heard pinging and fast screws. Went to 400 feet.

1342 hours - First of series of about 20 epth charges. Some of these were very close before Bang went to 500 feet at which depth the enemy could no longer get a contact on her. Continued approach on freighter at that depth with two escorts depth charging astern.

1445 hours - Heard pinging forward of starboard beam. This was the bearing that the target was expected to be on.

1525 hours - At periscope depth. Sighted freighter, angle on the bow 15° port, range 9000 yards. One destroyer (thought to be Wakatake-class) was patrolling from side to side ahead. Commenced approach. At the next look, wen the range was 7500 yards, angle on the bow 20° port, looked good. Fast screws were reported from the bearing Bang had been depth charged and tops could be seen through the periscope. Next few looks at the target showed angles on the bow of 90° starboard, 150° port and 90° port.

1600 hours - Saw two planes over the target. The target was circling at a range of 7000 yards. She was only a small freighter and might be a 'Q'-ship. When taking a last look a plane was seen coming towards. Went deep.

1615 hours - Heard two escorts pinging on short scale, one on each bow in close. They evidently lost contact. Bang left them astern and headed for the target. Started planing up for a look at 1650 hours but the escorts closed in, pinging on short scale and at .

1708 hours - Received one depth charge, very close. Went back to 500 feet. The escorts were pinging and listening for the next two hours but they did not regain contact. Decided to wait until at least two hours after sunset before surfacing.

2240 hours - Surfaced, 90 nautical miles southeast of Hong Kong. Nothing in sight. Set course to return to our patrol area.

8 Jul 1944
USS Bang (Lt.Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) was detected and bombed by an ememy aircraft south-west of Formosa in position 20°04'N, 118°59'E. One bom was dropped but it caused no damage.

17 Jul 1944
USS Bang (Lt.Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) departed her patrol area for Midway.

29 Jul 1944
USS Bang (Lt.Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) made a short stop at Midway before she proceeded towards Pearl Harbour later the same day.

2 Aug 1944
USS Bang (Lt.Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) ended her 2nd war patrol at Pearl Harbor. At Pearl Harbour she was refitted by the Submarine Base and a Relief Crew from Submarine Division 42 from 3 to 19 August 1944.

20 Aug 1944
During 20 - 24 August 1944, USS Bang (Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN), conducted training off Pearl Harbour.

23 Aug 1944
USS Bergall (Cdr. J.M. Hyde, USN) conducted exercises off Pearl Harbour together with USS Canfield (Lt.Cdr. P.E. Cherry, USNR), USS Allen (Lt. W.J. Riley, Jr., USNR) and USS Bang (Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN).

27 Aug 1944
USS Bang (Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) departed from Pearl Harbor for her 3rd war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the East China Sea.

For the daily and attack positions of USS Bang during this patrol see the map below. As no deck log is available (for the moment) positions were taken from the patrol report. Unfortunately the patrol report does not give daily noon positions.

31 Aug 1944
USS Bang (Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) arrived at Midway to top off with fuel.

1 Sep 1944
USS Bang (Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) departed Midway for her patrol area.

9 Sep 1944
While en route to her patrol area and cruising west of the Bonin Islands USS Bang (Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) torpedoed and sank the Japanese troop transport Tokiwasan Maru (1804 GRT, built 1937) in position 28°53'N, 137°42'E, and the Japanese merchant cargo ship Shoryu Maru (1916 GRT, built 1941) in position 28°58'N, 137°45'E. They were both in convoy No. 3905 and were escorted by the Japanese 'light cruiser' Yasojima (former-Chinese P'ing Hai), corvette Kaibokan 4 and auxiliary submarine chaser Fumi Maru.

(All times are zone -10) 1305 hours - In position 29°01'N, 137°37'E sighted smoke bearing 016°(T). Soon afterwards sighted tops of masts through high periscope on the same bearing. Put them astern and commenced tracking.

1325 hours - Submerged, as the bearing remained constant, looking as we were on the target's track. Went off track to avoid plane detection. Continued tracking.

1350 hours - Surfaced. The target had been tracked as making two zigs to his left. Bang was ow too far from the track of the enemy to get in submerged.

1430 hours - Submerged. Target bearing 000°(T), base course 180°(T), zigging on 15 minute legs between course 220°(T) and 140°(T). Commenced approach. When the range was 10000 yards the contact was identified as an escort patrolling ahead of a transport and an oiler.

1616 hours - In position 28°53'N, 137°42'E fired three torpedoes at the transport from 1700 yards followed by three torpedoes at the oiler from 1900 yards. Two hits were seen on the transport and the target was seen to break in half. The oiler was also hit two times. The target was completely obscured by dense black smoke. A third ship was now seen, a transport, about 4000 yards astern of the oiler. Pinging was also reported and Bang was taken deep. Bang was now hunted and depth charged by two escorts. A total of 70 depth charges were dropped, most of them very close causing some damage.

2055 hours - Surfaced. All clear.

19 Sep 1944
USS Bang (Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) torpedoed and sank the Japanese tanker Tosei Maru No.2 (501 GRT, built 1940) and torpedoed and damaged the Japanese corvette CD-30 (740 tons, offsite link) off the east coast of Formosa in position 24°54'N, 122°23'E. They were part of convoy TAKA-909 which was made up of Keiun Maru (1921 GRT, built 1921), Daihaku Maru (6886 GRT, built 1944), the above mentioned Tosei Maru No.2 and seven other unidentified merchant ships. The convoy was escorted by minesweeper W-15, the above mentioned corvette CD-30, auxiliary minesweepers Takunan Maru No.3, Toshi Maru No.7 and Taihei Maru No.3 Go and auxiliary patrol boat Taian Maru.

(All times are zone -10) 0615 hours - In position 24°59'N, 122°21'E obtained SJ radar contact at a range of 30000 yards. Commenced tracking. Estimated base course 110°(T), speed 7 knots. Six pips were on the radar. Adjusted our position to get ahead on track.

0651 hours - Submerged to 350 feet to get bathythermograph indication. Returned to periscope depth and commenced approach. At 8400 yards selected a large tanker, the second ship in the south column as primary target. Could now count 8 Maru's and 5 escorts. When the range was 3000 yards with the tanker's angle on the bow 30° starboard, the nearest escort had a sharp starboard angle on the bow at about 2000 yards range. This escort was alternately pinging and listening. Rigged for silent running and dropped to 140 feet to get into a negative gradiënt that broke at 120 feet. Commenced tracking by sound. The escort passed directly overhead. Started to come up to periscope depth when another escort was picked up by sound on the port beam, with bearing steady. The setup on the tanker now however failed and two transports were now selected as targets.

0915 hours - In position 24°56'N, 122°15'E fired four bow torpedoes at a transport from a range of 1400 yards. Angle on the bow was 60° starboard.

0916 hours - Fired four stern torpedoes at a transport from 1200 yards. Angle on the bow was 70° port.

Upon firing Bang went to 400 feet. Two timed hits were heard in each target. Breaking up noises were heard through the hull in the direction of the stern target.

0920 hours - Depth charging commenced. Three escorts were heard to take part in the hunt. A total of about 80 charges were dropped but Bang eventually managed to escape.

1730 hours - Returned to periscope depth. Nothing in sight.

21 Sep 1944
USS Bang (Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) attacked an enemy convoy east of Formosa. A total of 10 torpedoes were fired. Several hits are claimed but no sinkings could be attributed to Bang.

(All times are zone -10) 20 September 1944 1648 hours - Picked up pinging on sound bearing 217°(T). Turned towards.

1655 hours - In position 25°07'N, 122°57'E sighted smoke on more or less the same bearing. Started approach. The masts of two ships were soon in sight, later a total of six ships were seen.

2030 hours - Surfaced. Went ahead at full speed. Started a batterry charge.

2041 hours - Obtained contact with SJ radar at a range of 23200 yards. Commenced an end around and started tracking. There appeared to be six Maru's in three columns with an escort ahead on each beam an probably another one astern.

21 September 1944 0015 hours - In position 25°21'N, 123°58'E fired six bow tubes. Swung right with full rudder and flank speed.

0017 hours - Fired four stern tubes at the second ship in the south column. Range on firing was 1700 yards.

Three hits were heard from the bow tubes. Flashes of hits were seen on two targets. The escorts never saw Bang and moved over to the other side of the convoy. Following the attack three radar pips disappeared from the screen.

24 Sep 1944
USS Bang (Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) departed her patrol area for Midway.

29 Sep 1944
USS Bang (Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) ended her 3rd war patrol at Midway.

From 30 September 1944 to 24 October 1944 she was refitted by Submarine Base Midway and Submarine Division 61 Relief Crew.

25 Oct 1944
USS Bang (Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) departed from Midway for her 4th war patrol. Once again she was ordered to patrol off Formosa.

For the daily and attack positions of USS Bang during this patrol see the map below. As no deck log is available (for the moment) positions were taken from the patrol report. Unfortunately the patrol report does not give daily noon positions.

2 Nov 1944
USS Bang (Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) departed Saipan for her patrol area.

3 Nov 1944
USS Bang (Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) arrived at Saipan for minor voyage repairs and to top off with fuel.

23 Nov 1944
USS Bang (Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) made several attacks on a Japanese convoy and torpedoed and sank the Japanese merchant cargo ship Sakae Maru (2878 GRT, built 1902) and the Japanese troop transport Amakusa Maru (2345 GRT, built 1901) east of Formosa in position 24°21'N, 122°28'E.

(All times are zone -10) 22 November 1944 2128 hours - Received a contact report from USS Redfish. Set course to intercept at full speed.

2207 hours - Received a contact report on the same convoy from USS Shad.

2225 hours - In position 24°16'N, 122°30'E obtained contact with the SJ radar. One pip, range 21000 yards. While closing the range the contact developed into five pips. Adjusted our position to get ahead of the convoy. Had radar contact with Redfish on the port bow of the convoy and with Shad on the starboard side of the convoy. Received message from the CO of Redfish (the Task Group Commander) to attack which we did.

23 November 1944 0032 hours - In position 24°23'N, 122°41'E fired three bow torpedoes at the leading ship in the starboard column from 2200 yards followed by three bow torpedoes at the second ship in the starboard column from 1700 yards. Heard four hits and saw his on two ships while swinging around for a stern shot.

0034 hours - Fired four stern torpedoes at our second target (by far the largest ship of the convoy). The ship had already been hit to make sure she would sink decided to give her some more. The ship however sank before the stern torpedoes reached her. However Bang was lucky as the target was in line with the third ship in the port column and this ship was hit by one torpedo. Opened out to a range of 8000 yards and started to reload while gaining a position for a new attack. There were now five pips on the radar that looked like one escort ahead of two Maru's in column and then an escort astern. Another escort was thought to be well on the port beam. Started another attack intending to fire three bow torpedoes at each of the two Maru's. During the approach the leading escort zigged towards Bang so at .

0147 hours - In position 24°24'N, 122°45'E fired three bow torpedoes at the leading escort from 1800 yards.

0148 hours - Fired three bow torpedoes at the leading Maru from 2000 yards.

0150 hours - Fired four stern torpedoes at the second Maru from 2100 yards.

No hits were heard from the bow torpedoes and three hits were heard from the stern torpedoes. Bang meanwhile ran out at flank speed. Again opened out to 8000 yards and commenced reloading the last four bow torpedoes for yet another attack. The radar screen showed three pips which looked like a Maru with an escort close on the port quarted and another escort well over on the port beam. Upon closing again for observation they all looked like escorts. The one that was thought to be a Maru looked like a large minelayer. Started approach on her.

0314 hours - In position 24°12'N, 122°53'E fired bow four torpedoes from 2300 yards. Heard two hits and sighted a large flash on the target. She then disappeared from sight and the radar screen. Bang then cleared the area and set course to Pearl Harbour.

5 Dec 1944
USS Bang (Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) ended her 4th war patrol at Pearl Harbor.

From 6 December 1944 to 1 January 1945 she was refitted by Submarine Base Pearl Harbour and Submarine Division 43 Relief Crew.

2 Jan 1945
USS Bang (Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) departed from Pearl Harbor for her 5th war patrol. She was ordered to patrol in the East China and Yellow Seas.

For the daily and attack positions of USS Bang during this patrol see the map below. As no deck log is available (for the moment) positions were taken from the patrol report. Unfortunately the patrol report does not give daily noon positions.

14 Jan 1945
USS Bang (Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) arrived at Saipan to top off with fuel and for voyage repairs by USS Fulton.

15 Jan 1945
USS Bang (Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) departed Saipan for her patrol area.

10 Feb 1945
USS Bang (Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) attacked a small merchant vessel with three torpedoes in the Yellow Sea. No hits were obtained.

(All times are zone -9) 1319 hours - In position 36°52'N, 124°01'E sighted small steamship coming out of a snow squall, bearing 015°(T), range 2400 yards, angle on the bow 15-20° starboard. Swung left for a stern tube shot.

1326 hours - In position 36°55'N, 124°01'E commenced firing three torpedoes from 1250 yards. The set-up was poor and no hits were obtained. This target was not over 1000 tons and was in ballast.

19 Feb 1945
USS Bang (Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) departed her patrol area for Guam.

24 Feb 1945
USS Bang (Cdr. A.R. Gallaher, USN) ended her 5th war patrol at Guam.

25 Mar 1945
USS Bang (Lt.Cdr. O.W. Bagby, Jr., USN) departed from Guam for her 6th war patrol, and was ordered to patrol in Luzon Strait. She was escorted out by USS PC-1082.

For the daily and attack positions of USS Bang during this patrol see the map below. As no deck log is available (for the moment) noon positions were taken from the patrol report.

30 Mar 1945
USS Bang (Lt.Cdr. O.W. Bagby, Jr., USN) arrived in her patrol area.

9 Apr 1945
USS Bang (Lt.Cdr. O.W. Bagby, Jr., USN) received orders to take up a position to the north-east of Formosa to perform lifeguard duties.

22 Apr 1945
At 0737 hours (zone -9), USS Bang (Lt.Cdr. O.W. Bagby, Jr., USN), picked up Ensign Donald E. corzine from USS Chenango, Hellcat pilot. He had been in the water for 14 hours.

3 May 1945
USS Bang (Lt.Cdr. O.W. Bagby, Jr., USN) departed her area for Saipan.

8 May 1945
USS Bang (Lt.Cdr. O.W. Bagby, Jr., USN) arrived at Saipan. She was escorted in by USS PC-1591.

9 May 1945
USS Bang (Lt.Cdr. O.W. Bagby, Jr., USN) departed Saipan for Pearl Harbour. She was escorted out by USS LCI(L)-1098.

18 May 1945
USS Bang (Lt.Cdr. O.W. Bagby, Jr., USN) ended her 6th war patrol at Pearl Harbor. She was escorted in by USS PC-1077.

23 May 1945
USS Bang (Lt.Cdr. O.W. Bagby, Jr., USN) departed Pearl Harbour for San Francisco.

28 May 1945
USS Bang (Lt.Cdr. O.W. Bagby, Jr., USN) arrived at San Francisco (Hunters Point Navy Yard). Here she received orders to proceed to the East coast for overhaul at the Portsmouth Navy Yard.

11 Jun 1945
USS Bang (Lt.Cdr. O.W. Bagby, Jr., USN) arrived arrived at Balboa, Panama Canal Zone.

14 Jun 1945
USS Bang (Lt.Cdr. O.W. Bagby, Jr., USN) departed Christobal, Panama Canal Zone for the Portsmouth Navy Yard where she was to refit.

22 Jun 1945
USS Bang (Lt.Cdr. O.W. Bagby, Jr., USN) arrived at the Portsmouth Navy Yard where she was to refit.

Media links

U. S. Submarines in World War II
Kimmett, Larry and Regis, Margaret


Всього човен здійснив шість бойових походів.

1-й похід. 29 березня 1944-го Bang у складі «вовчої зграї», до якої також входили підводні човни Parche та Tinosa, відбув для бойових дій у Лусонській протоці та північній частині Південно-Китайського моря (неофіційно цей район був відомий як «Конвой Коллідж»). Наприкінці квітня він атакував тут конвой та потопив два вантажні судна. Через кілька днів про появу іншого конвою повідомили з Tinosa, після чого Bang перехопила його та знищила ще одне вантажне судно (а от заявка на потоплення есмінця після війни не підтвердилась, до того ж, охорона конвою взагалі не мала кораблів цього класу). Враховуючи вичерпання запасу торпед, човен попрямував до атолу Мідвей, куди прибув 14 травня.

2-й похід. 6 червня 1944-го Bang вийшов в район на захід від Маріанських островів із завданням діяти проти японських військових кораблів, котрі спробують перешкодити запланованій операції по захопленню цього архіпелагу. На переході човен в районі за дві з половиною сотні кілометрів на південний схід від Іводзіми невдало атакував танкер. Хоча це судно йшло саме без охорони, Bang не зміг продовжити переслідування через необхідність вчасно прибути у визначений район патрулювання. Оскільки вже через кілька діб японський флот зазнав важкої поразки при спробі атаки сил вторгнення, човен спрямували для дій у все тому ж «Конвой Коллідж» в складі «вовчої зграї» разом з Growler та Seahorse. 29 червня за дві сотні кілометрів на захід від північної частини острова Лусон Bang торпедував танкери «Мірі Мару» та «Саравак Мару», котрі йшли у складі великого конвою. Втім обидва пошкоджені судна змогли дійти до Маніли (згодом перше з них загинуло в січні 1945-го під час рейду авіаносного з'єднання поблизу Формози, а друге в березні 1945-го підірвалось на міні поблизу Сінгапуру та було посаджене на мілину). На початку липня човен невдало провів торпедну стрільбу по ще одному конвою, при цьому активна протидія кораблів ескорту завадила вийти у повторну атаку. У підсумку 29 липня Bang повернувся на атол Мідвей, а 2 серпня досяг Перл-Гарбору.

3-й похід. 27 серпня 1944-го човен полишив базу та після заходу для бункерування на Мідвей попрямував до визначеного йому району на півдні Східно-Китайського моря. Ще на шляху туди Bang в районі за чотири з половиною сотні кілометрів на північний захід від островів Бонін потопив два вантажні судна зі складу конвою, для чого використав шість торпед. Прибувши до місця патрулювання, човен 19 вересня за чотири десятки кілометрів на схід від північного завершення острова Формоза атакував конвой, який незадовго до того вийшов із порту Цзілун. Bang використав вісім торпед і потопив танкер, крім того, пошкодження отримав ескортний корабель (корвет) CD-30, який, втім, зміг повернутись до Цзілуну та доволі швидко відновив свою бойову роботу (загинув наприкінці липня 1945-го під час атаки авіаносної авіації у затоці Осака). Ще через дві доби човен безрезультатно випустив десять торпед по іншому конвою, після чого 29 вересня повернувся на атол Мідвей.

4-й похід. 25 жовтня 1944-го Bang у складі «вовчої зграї», до якої також входили підводні човни Shad та Redfish, знову вирушив у південну частину Східно-Китайського моря (на шляху туди човен зайшов для бункерування на один з Маріанських островів – Сайпан). Первісно діям «згаї» перешкоджав тайфун, проте наприкінці місяця погода покращилась. Ввечері 22 листопада Redfish повідомила про помічений нею конвой і невдовзі Bang менш ніж за три години здійснила ряд атак та випустила всі свої торпеди. Результатом стало потоплення двох торгівельних суден (ще одне судно записав на свій рахунок Redfish). 5 грудня човен прибув до Перл-Гарбору.

5-й похід. 2 січня 1945-го Bang покинула Гаваї та 14 січня прибув на Сайпан для бункерування. Тут його ввели до складу «вовчої зграї» «Underwood's Urchins», до якої також входили підводні човни Atule, Spadefish та Devilfish. «Зграя» попрямувала через північну частину Східно-Китайського моря до Жовтого моря, причому незадовго до прибуття в район призначення до неї приєднався ще один підводний човен Pompon. Під час патрулювання Bang лише один раз зустріла невелике судно в центральній частині Жовтого моря, проте випущені торпеди не потрапили у ціль. У підсумку 24 лютого човен прибув на острів Гуам (Маріанські острови).

6-й похід. 25 березня 1945-го Bang вирушив до Лусонської протоки, проте вже наприкінці першої декади квітня дістав наказ перейти до району на північний схід від Формози для забезпечення порятунку льотчиків, які могли бути збиті під час нальотів на північну частину цього острова та південну групу островів Рюкю (в цей час якраз почалась битва за Окінаву — найбільший серед островів Рюкю в центральній частині архіпелагу). Тут човен врятував одного пілота, а 8 травня прибув на Сайпан. Далі Bang вирушив до Перл-Гарбору, де 18 травня 1945-го завершив свій останній (як виявилось) бойовий похід – 22 червня він став у Портсмуті на ремонт, під час якого Японія капітулювала. [1]

Взимку 1947-го човен вивели в резерв, проте в 1951-му, під час Корейської війни, повернули до бойового складу флоту.

З травня по жовтень 1952-го Bang пройшов модернізацію до рівня GUPPY IIA (один з етапів програми GUPPY, котра, зокрема, повинна була збільшити можливості човнів щодо тривалої дії у підводному положенні). При цьому один з його дизелів демонтували, щоб звільнити місце для встановлення іншого обладнання.

Bang використовували у флоті США до 1972 року, коли його передали до складу військово-морських сил Іспанії. Тут він отримав назву Cosme Garcia (S34) та ніс службу до 1982 року. [2]

Дата Назва Тип Тоннаж Місце
29.04.1944 Такегава Мару вантажне 1930 19°26'N 118°45'E
30.04.1944 Ніттацу Мару вантажне 2859 19°11'N 119°10'E
04.05.1944 Кінрей Мару вантажне 5947 20°58'N 117°58'E
09.09.1944 Токівасан Мару вантажне 1807 28°53'N 137°42'E
09.09.1944 Сйорю Мару вантажне 1916 28°53'N 137°42'E
19.09.1944 Тосей Мару № 2 танкер 507 24°56'N 122°14'E
23.11.1944 Сакае Мару вантажне 2878 24°12'N 122°53'E
23.11.1944 Амакуса Мару вантажо-пасажирське 2340 24°24'N 122°45'E

Т. Роско, «Боевые действия подводных лодок США во Второй Мировой войне», Москва, 1957, Издательство иностранной литературы (сокращенный перевод с английского, Theodore Roscoe “United States submarine operations in World War II”, Annapolis, 1950

April 30, 1944 – This Day During World War ll – Submarine Bang (SS-285) sinks Japanese merchant tanker Nittatsu Maru

April 30, 1944 – Submarine Bang (SS-285) continues attack on convoy engaged the previous night, and sinks Japanese merchant tanker Nittatsu Maru off northwest coast of Luzon
IJN Nittatsu Maru a Standard Peacetime 2,858 ton GRT cargo ship. Completed as a primary emergency tanker. Registered by the Department of the Navy as a general transport (refueling ship) and attached to the Kure Naval District. Departs Innoshima.
28 April 1944: Departs Takao for Manila in convoy
29 April 1944: Destroyer Asamaze joins the escort. At 2155, LtCdr Anton R. Gallaher’s (USNA ’33) USS Bang (SS-385) torpedoes and sinks Takegawa Maru at 19-20N, 118-50E. Seven crewmen are KIA. Also lost are 17 Daihatsu barges and two lighters.
At 2240, Nittatsu Maru starts rescuing survivors from Takegawa Maru .
30 April 1944: At 0050, completes rescuing Takegawa Maru survivors.
At 0419, Nittatsu Maru is torpedoed by LtCdr Anton R. Gallaher’s (USNA ’33) USS BANG (SS-385) at 19-22N, 118-450. The tanker sinks after hits in the starboard second hold and the bridge at 19-11N, 119-10 E, about 97 nautical miles WNW off Cape Bojeador, northern Luzon. Four crewman are KIA.

Bang SS-385 - History

Bang (SS 385) was laid down on April 30, 1943 at Kittery, Maine, by the Portsmouth Naval Shipyard launched on August 30. It was sponsored by Mrs. Robert W. Neblett, and commissioned on December 4, 1943, Lt. Comdr. Antone R. Gallaher in command.

Following four weeks of shakedown training off New England, the submarine departed New London on 8 February 1944 and headed for the Pacific. After transiting the Panama Canal, she proceeded to Pearl Harbor for intensified training in torpedo approaches, evasive maneuvers, and simulated warfare. As March came to an end, Bang was fully provisioned and ready for battle. On the 29th of that month, she departed Pearl Harbor in company with Parche (SS 384) and Tinosa (SS 283) for her first war patrol. After a one-day fueling stop at Midway, the trio continued to their patrol area in Luzon Strait and waters southwest of Formosa.

The three submarines exchanged contact information and coordinated attack plans throughout the patrol. On 29 April, Bang sighted a 12 ship, southbound convoy. After maneuvering into a favorable position, she fired her torpedoes into the convoy, sinking the 1,930 ton freighter, Takegawa Maru. The submarine continued to hound the convoy during the night and, the following morning, sank the 2,859 ton cargo ship, Nittatsu Maru. The enemy rained down depth charges on Bang, but training in evasive maneuvers and a bit of good luck enabled her to escape damage.

Tinosa sighted a northbound Japanese convoy on 3 May, and Bang moved in to pursue its 10 ships. Her first attempt to attack during daylight was foiled by enemy plane and surface escorts which forced her to dive. After dark, she and her colleagues coordinated a surface attack in which Bang sank a large cargo ship, the 5,947 ton Kinrei Maru, and claimed the destruction of a destroyer which was not confirmed by postwar study of Japanese records. Since all of her torpedoes had been expended, Bang departed the area on 6 May and arrived at Midway on the 14th for refit alongside Proteus (AS 19).

On 6 June, Bang put to sea on her second war patrol, the timing of which coincided with the preliminaries to the Marianas invasion. Consequently, she was assigned to waters to the west of that island group so that she would be in position to intercept any Japanese warships or transports steaming eastward to parry the American offensive thrust. While en route to her station, the submarine encountered a lone northbound tanker on 14 June. Although hampered by heavy rain squalls and turbulent seas, Bang launched a spread of three torpedoes, one of which hit and damaged the target, but did not sink her. The submarine could not finish off this enemy ship because her orders required her to take station as soon as possible.

Marines landed on Saipan on the 15th, and that event goaded the Japanese Mobile Fleet to make a desperate attempt to turn back this Allied threat to the Emperor's inner defense line in which the Marianas acted as a major link, if not the keystone. Bang reached her station that same day but spent an uneventful week while Admiral Spruance's 5th Fleet was trouncing the Japanese task force in the Battle of the Philippine Sea, virtually wiping out the enemy's naval air capability for the remainder of the war.

On 22 June, the day after that epic engagement ended, she rendezvoused with Growler (SS 215) and Seahorse (SS 304) off Formosa to form a coordinated attack group. Growler was detached just one day before the unit's run in with a southbound convoy of more than 15 ships. Bang made a submerged attack and fired 10 torpedoes at three overlapping targets, all of which the submarine claims to have sunk, although the postwar records do not confirm the claim. The enemy escorts turned and pursued Bang, dropping 125 depth charges over her as she went deep to avoid destruction. When Bang finally surfaced, the convoy was disappearing over the horizon.

On 4 July, Bang sighted a small Hong Kong-bound convoy consisting of one cargo ship and four destroyer escorts. She approached the convoy on the surface, but before she could maneuver into a good attack position, an alert escort began to search for the attacker. Bang fired three torpedoes without making adequate attack solutions, and all three missed their targets. The submarine was forced to dive and maneuver to avoid the depth charges dropped by the escort and was unable to mount another attack.

On 17 July, the ship headed back to Pearl Harbor for refit, which continued into the last week of August. She left Pearl Harbor again on the 27th, refueled at Midway on 31 August, and continued to waters northeast of Formosa off the Nansei Shoto. While passing northwest of the Bonin Islands to take up her station, Bang encountered an enemy convoy on 9 September. Diving to make a periscope attack, she fired a salvo at two loaded freighters, both of which—the 1,804 ton Tokiwasan Maru and the 1,916 ton Shoryu Maru—disintegrated due to internal explosions triggered by the hits. The escorts evidently sighted Bang's periscope and torpedo wakes, because as she dove deep, the depth charges accurately drove her down beyond her test depth to 580 feet where depth control almost disappeared. A pattern of 16 charges exploded directly over the boat, but Bang waited out her enemies. The escorts departed apparently satisfied that they had scored a kill, but Bang suffered only minor damage which her crew easily repaired. Three days later, she arrived on station.

Early on 19 September, Bang made radar contact on another enemy convoy, submerged, and fired on two of the ships. The 507 ton tanker Tosei Maru No. 2 sank, while the other ship suffered substantial damage. Working as a team, three enemy escorts systematically depth bombed the submarine, but she again successfully out maneuvered her pursuers and surfaced after dark.

While submerged on the afternoon of 20 September, she encountered an eastbound convoy and shadowed it until darkness fell to cover her attack. She surfaced, fired her remaining 10 torpedoes, and claimed to have sunk a large tanker and a medium freighter as well as damaging another ship. The next day, she headed for Midway and refit.

Repaired, refueled, and replenished, Bang got underway again on 25 October and, with Shad (SS-235) and Redfish (SS 395), returned to the same area. Typhoon weather precluded effective operations during the early part of the fourth war patrol. Finally, on 22 November, improved weather enabled Bang to attack a convoy initially reported by Redfish. Between midnight and 0300 on the 23d, all three submarines conducted coordinated attacks on the convoy. Bang fired all 24 of her torpedoes in a series of seven surface attacks, sinking two cargo ships the 2,878 ton Sakae Maru and the 2,340 ton Amakusa Maru. She reported also destroying a minelayer escort and another freighter. Japanese records did not corroborate these kills. Between the three submarines, the convoy was totally destroyed.

Later that day, Bang headed for Hawaii and arrived at Pearl Harbor on 5 December for refit. Following a restful holiday period, the submarine departed Oahu on 2 January 1945 and set a course for Saipan. There, on 15 January, she joined with Spadefish (SS 411), Atule (SS 403), and Pompon (SS 267) and sailed for a patrol area in the East China and Yellow Seas. Bad weather and a scarcity of targets denied Bang opportunities to attack any enemy shipping before she departed the area on 19 February, without any kills. She arrived at Guam on the 24th for refit alongside Proteus.

Bang's sixth and last patrol began on 25 March when she got underway for Luzon Strait. After 10 days of patrol, she was ordered to take lifeguard station northeast of Formosa during strikes on northern Formosa and the southern Ryukyus in support of the Allied struggle for Okinawa. On 21 April, Bang rescued a Navy pilot who had ditched his plane after it had been damaged by flak during a strafing run.

On 3 May, the submarine received orders to return to Hawaii. She refueled at Saipan and continued on to Pearl Harbor where she arrived on 18 May. After 10 days of recreation and inspection of the boat, additional orders sent her back to the United States for overhaul at the Portsmouth (N.H.) Navy Yard. She stopped at Hunters Point, Calif., then continued on through the Panama Canal and up the Atlantic coast to Portsmouth where she arrived on 22 June. The submarine was still undergoing overhaul when hostilities ended. Following completion of the overhaul, Bang operated out of New London in the early postwar period. She was placed out of commission on 12 February 1947 and entered the Atlantic Reserve Fleet.

On 1 February 1951, Bang was recommissioned at the U.S. Naval Submarine Base, New London, Lieutenant Commander Eugene A. Hemley in command, but spent only 15 months on active duty with the Atlantic Fleet before being decommissioned again on 15 May 1952 for conversion and modernization. Following work at the Portsmouth Naval Shipyard, Bang was recommissioned as a Guppy IIA submarine, the first of her type to serve the U.S. Navy, on 4 October 1952, Lieutenant Commander Perry Hall in command. Although her outward appearance remained the same, Bang's internal arrangements were improved and incorporated impressive advances in ordnance and electronic gear. Her hull was streamlined and additional power added to the engineering plant to provide increased submerged speed.

After operating with the fleet in the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea for two years, Bang entered the Philadelphia Naval Shipyard for a routine overhaul in August 1954. Upon completion of the overhaul in December, she rejoined the fleet with still more modern equipment. The submarine carried out normal operations along the eastern seaboard primarily engaged in training missions with other submarines and with surface antisubmarine units. She left her home port of New London in July 1957 to begin another overhaul in Portsmouth. When she came out in January 1958, she resumed peacetime operations, including a midshipmen training cruise during the summer of 1958 to Spain and Denmark, a four-month deployment to the Mediterranean and northern Europe in 1962, and participation in Operation "Springboard" in the Caribbean in 1966. Between these cruises and major yard work in 1961, 1962, 1966, 1967, and 1970, Bang provided training services to Basic Submarine School in New London as well as to units of the Atlantic Fleet.

Early in 1972, Bang was designated for transfer to the Spanish Navy on a five-year loan. Following upkeep to lengthen her safe submerged operations limit, Bang returned to New London to train Spanish sailors in preparation for the transfer. On 1 October 1972, Bang was decommissioned and transferred to the Spanish government. She was recommissioned as Cosme Garcia. On 1 November 1974, her name was struck from the Navy list and the transfer to Spain was made permanent by sale.

Bang (SS-385) received six battle stars for her World War II service. [1]

Smoke Boat Sailor

The story of a young man coming of age on the USS Bang SS-385, a U.S. Navy submarine.

Originally written by the author for fellow shipmates and his family, the book includes a brief history of the USS Bang SS-385 and the many adventures and experiences of the author while serving on the USS Bang in the early 1960&aposs.

Written in an easily digestible short story format. Ill The story of a young man coming of age on the USS Bang SS-385, a U.S. Navy submarine.

Originally written by the author for fellow shipmates and his family, the book includes a brief history of the USS Bang SS-385 and the many adventures and experiences of the author while serving on the USS Bang in the early 1960's.

Written in an easily digestible short story format. Illustrated. 67,663 words.

Review by Alex Sinclair, Rear Admiral, USN-Retired:
“. a masterful job in relating your experiences while a crew member of USS Bang SS-385. Forty years certainly did not dim your memory in the least – your description of the events and personality characterizations were indeed insightful. You brought back many memories for me – thanks.” . more


for emergency repairs on 27 March, and departed on 28 March to rejoin her group. The patrol was SNOOK’s ninth.

In accordance with her orders, weather reports were received daily from SNOOK as she proceeded westward until April 1, when she was told to discontinue making them. On the same date, SNOOK was directed to proceed westward to join a coordinated attack group under Commander Cassedy in TIGRONE. BANG and BURRFISH had already been assigned lifeguard stations and were not available for the attack group as originally planned.

Although the last message received from SNOOK by shore bases was on 1 April, TIGRONE was in contact with her until 8 April, at which time SNOOK’s position was 18-40N, 111-39E. On April 9, TIGRONE was unable to raise her by radio, nor was she ever able to afterwards. TIGRONE being unable to raise her may be explained by the fact that on 10 April SNOOK was directed to move eastward towards

, and on 12 April she was ordered to lifeguard duty for British carrier based airstrikes. Her position for this duty was in the vicinity of Sakeshima Gunto, about 200 miles east of northern

. No acknowledgement of these orders was required. On 20 April the Commander of a British carrier task force reported that he had a plane down in SNOOK’s vicinity, but could not contact her by radio. SNOOK was ordered to search the area and to acknowledge these orders. When she failed to make a transmission, BANG was sent to make the search and to rendezvous with SNOOK. Although BANG arrived on the scene and rescued three aviators, she saw nothing of SNOOK. When SNOOK had not appeared or been heard from by 16 May, she was reported as presumed lost on her ninth patrol.

Japanese antisubmarine attack reports available at this time give no indication of an attack which might have been on SNOOK. There were mines in the vicinity of Sakeshima Gunto, but SNOOK had information on these which had been gained from captured enemy documents. It is improbable that she would have gone into the minefields unless intentionally to rescue a downed aviator. She was not asked to penetrate any minefield in effecting any rescue.

A number of enemy submarine contacts were reported in the vicinity of SNOOK’s lifeguard station during the period in which her loss occurred. During April and May 1945, five Japanese submarines were sunk in the Nansei Shoto chain. The circumstances surrounding SNOOK’s loss suggest the possibility that one of these lost submarines may have torpedoed her while she was surfaced during her lifeguarding duties and it was not reported. It is known that such tactics were suggested to Japanese submarine commanders by their superiors.

No attacks had been reported by SNOOK prior to her loss on this patrol. She was, however, responsible for sinking 22 enemy ships, totaling 123,600 tons and damaging 10 ships, for 63,200 tons, on her eight patrols prior to her loss. Her first patrol was from mid-April to the latter part of May 1943, along the China coast from

to the Empire. She sank four freighters, a patrol craft, a sampan, and a trawler. In her second patrol, SNOOK covered the

area. She sank two freighters and damaged two tankers, one of the latter being a very large ship. During her third patrol, SNOOK covered areas in both the Yellow and

, and sank a transport and a freighter, and damaged a sub chaser. Her fourth patrol was along the Empire trade routes to the south. Here she sank two freighters and damaged three more.

for her fifth patrol, and sank four freighters and a freighter-transport, while she damaged a fifth freighter. In the same area on her sixth patrol, SNOOK damaged one freighter. Her seventh patrol was in the

. She sank three freighters and damaged a fourth freighter and an unidentified vessel. SNOOK patrolled the Kurile region north of

on her eighth patrol, but contacted only three ships. Two were Russian and the third could not be attacked.

The Loss of USS SNOOK (SS-279)

Along with USS BURRFISH (SS-312) and USS BANG (SS-385), USS SNOOK (SS-279) left Guam on her ninth war patrol on 25 March 1945. The three boats headed for the Luzon Strait that lies between Taiwan and Luzon, an island in the Philippines. The group disbanded on 1 April when BURRFISH and BANG headed off for lifeguard duty SNOOK joined up with a wolfpack known as “Hiram’s Hecklers” under the command of Commander Hiram Cassidy, C.O. of USS TIGRONE (SS-419). A week later TIGRONE dodged two torpedoes that Cassidy believed SNOOK might have launched at him in error. When the boat surfaced that evening Cassidy radioed the other sub and was told they had not yet fired any torpedoes. He warned them to be on the lookout for what he now assumed was an enemy submarine. The following day, 8 April, SNOOK radioed her position to TIGRONE. It was the last transmission she ever sent.

On 12 April SNOOK was ordered to take up a lifeguard station, a message that she did not acknowledge. Eight days later a British commander informed the Americans that he had a plane down in SNOOK’s area but could not make contact with the sub BANG was sent to check on her. BANG picked up the downed flyers but saw no sign of the other boat. She was declared overdue and presumed lost on 16 May.

There have been two possible theories advanced to explain SNOOK’s loss. First, she may have been the victim of a depth charging orchestrated by a patrol aircraft on 14 April. The plane dropped its own bombs on a surfaced sub and then called in surface vessels, which continued to pound the area with explosives until an oil slick rose to cover the waves. It is also possible that on that same day she was torpedoed by the Japanese submarine I-56.

SNOOK, the recipient of seven battle stars for her wartime service, took 84 men to the bottom with her.

1902 Steamship SS MOLTKE, HAMBURG-AMERICA Line Naval Cover Postcard SEAPOST

1902 Steamship SS MOLTKE, HAMBURG-AMERICA Line Naval Cover Postcard SEAPOST It was sent Jul 1902. It was franked with stamp "Kaiser". This post card is in good, but not perfect condition. Please look at the scan and make your own judgement. Member USCS . Read More

Item Specifics
Item Description

1902 Steamship SS MOLTKE, HAMBURG-AMERICA Line Naval Cover Postcard SEAPOST

It was sent Jul 1902. It was franked with stamp "Kaiser".

This post card is in good, but not perfect condition. Please look at the scan and make your own judgement.

Member USCS #10385 (I also earned the stamp collecting merit badge as a boy!). Please contact me if you have specific cover needs. I have thousands for sale, including navals (USS, USNS, USCGC, Coast Guard, ship, Maritime), military posts, event, APO, hotel, postal history, memorabilia, etc. I also offer approvals service with FREE SHIPPING to repeat USA customers.

The barbarossa class was a class of ocean liners of north german lloyd and the hamburg america line of the german empire. Of the ten ships built between 1896 and 1902, six were built by ag vulcan stettin, three were built by blohm & voss, and one was built by schichau-werke all were built in germany. They averaged 11,000 gross register tons (grt) and featured twin screw propellers driven by quadruple-expansion steam engines.

1 History
1.1 early career

2 ships
3 Notes
4 References
5 Bibliography
Early Career
The first four ships of the class, friedrich der grosse, barbarossa, kÖnigin luise, and bremen, were launched in 1896 for north german lloyd (german: norddeutscher lloyd or ndl) in a combination class usable on several of ndl's routes. The class was intended to be called the bremen class, but delays in the building of that ship caused the class to instead be named after barbarossa.[1] despite the name of the class, the first ship launched was friedrich der grosse in august—at 10,531 grt, the first german ship over 10,000 grt[2]—followed by barbarossa,[3] kÖnigin luise,[4] and bremen at monthly intervals.[5] these first four ships were used on australian, far east, and north atlantic routes for ndl. On australian and far east voyages, the liners transited the suez canal, and were, along with ndl's grosser kurfÜrst,[note 1] the largest ships regularly using the canal. The size of these liners was a principal reason for the canal's deepening bremen, on one trip to australia, became the first ship to transit the newly deepened canal.[6]

The latter six ships, two for ndl and four for the hamburg america line (german: hamburg-amerikanische packetfahrt-aktien-gesellschaft or hapag) were launched between june 1899 and november 1901. Ndl's two liners, kÖnig albert and prinzess irene were launched a year apart in june 1899 and june 1900, respectively, and were used on far east and north atlantic routes. Beginning in 1904 they were mainly used on the italy–new york route.[7]

Of the four hapag liners, two, hamburg and kiautschou, were launched in november 1899 and september 1900 for the far east mail routes that hapag and ndl shared.[8] displeased with the far east service, hapag withdrew and transferred hamburg to north atlantic service and traded kiautschou to ndl for five freighters in 1904.[9] kiautschou, renamed by ndl to princess alice, became the only barbarossa-class ship to sail for both of the major german passenger lines. She stayed on the far east mail route until 1914.

Ss princess alice, the ex-kiautschou, interned at cebu, philippines, c. 1914–1916

The last two barbarossa ships were moltke and blÜcher, launched in august and november 1901. Moltke spent time on north atlantic and mediterranean routes blÜcher on north atlantic and south american routes.[10]

World War I
At the outbreak of world war i, rather than face capture or destruction at the hands of the british royal navy, most of the barbarossa-class ships were interned in neutral ports. KÖnig albert and moltke were interned at genoa,[10][11] while blÜcher was interned at pernambuco, brazil.[10] five ships were interned at u.S.-controlled ports: four—barbarossa, friedrich der grosse, prinzess irene, and hamburg—were interned at hoboken, new jersey, and princess alice was interned at cebu, philippine islands. Only kÖnigin luise and bremen were in german ports, where they remained throughout the war.[12] in september 1914, hamburg was briefly renamed and chartered to the american red cross. Sailing under the name red cross, she made one roundtrip voyage to europe before returning to new york, and her previous name.[10]

As italy, the united states, and brazil successively joined the war, each seized the interned barbarossa ships (along with all other german and austro-hungarian ships) and renamed them. In italy, moltke became pesaro, while kÖnig albert became hospital ship ferdinando palasciano in brazil, blÜcher became leopoldina.[10] the five ships interned under u.S. Control all became united states navy transport ships, and were renamed as follows:

Ss red cross, the ex-hamburg, at falmouth in 1914

Barbarossa became uss mercury (id-3012)[3]

Friedrich der grosse became uss huron (id-1408)[2]

Prinzess irene became uss pocahontas (id-3044)[13]

Hamburg became uss powhatan (id-3013)[10]

Princess alice became uss princess matoika (id-2290)[14]

These five ex-german transports carried over 95,000 american troops to france before the armistice.[15]

Postwar Service
At the conclusion of world war i, war reparations permanently assigned the eight seized ships to the nations that held them. Further, kÖnigin luise and bremen, safely laid up in germany during the war, were assigned to the uk.[12] apart from those two, only two other barbarossa-class ships changed national registry after the war. Brazil sold leopoldina (the ex-blÜcher) to the french compagnie gÉnÉrale transatlantique which operated her under the name suffren.[10] pocahontas (the ex-prinzess irene) was laid up in gibraltar after mechanical failures and was purchased by ndl in 1923. She became the only member of the barbarossa class to resume sailing under the german flag. First renamed bremen and later karlsruhe (to free the name bremen for a newer ship), she sailed primarily on the bremen–new york route.[13]

In 1922, city of honolulu (the ex-friedrich der grosse), sailing on her first roundtrip on the los angeles–honolulu route for the los angeles steamship company, caught fire and burned in a calm sea. No one on board was killed or injured when the lifeboats were launched, and when towing the burned hulk proved unsuccessful, the ship was sunk by gunfire from a united states coast guard cutter she was the only member of the barbarossa class to sink.[2] by the end of the 1920s, six more barbarossa ships had met their ends at the hands of shipbreakers, and none of the remaining three ships would survive the next decade. All were scrapped by 1935, bringing an end to the career of the barbarossa class.

Ship Tonnage Builder Original

Operator Launch Fate Later Names










Watch the video: The Submarine, This film shows the Balao-class conventional submarine the USS Bang SS-385 as i..


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